This White Paper on Social Empowerment and Welfare encompasses the Departments of (a) Social Welfare (b) Tribal Welfare, (c) Backward Classes Welfare, (d) Minorities Welfare, (e) Differently Abled Welfare (f) Rural Development (SERP) (g) Municipal Administration & UD (MEPMA) (h) Labour, E & T [ Chandranna Bima] & (i) Housing.
The mandate of the above Departments is to focus on the holistic development of the Scheduled Castes (S.C.s), the Scheduled Tribes (S.T.s), the Backward Classes (B.C.s), the Minorities, the Differently Abled, the poor Women in the Rural & Urban areas & the Unorganized Labour, i.e. the communities/groups, who due to various historical and structural reasons, have suffered exclusion & neglect in the development process, while the Housing Department provides a universal necessity, required by all poor people. The Departments are tasked to identify, design & implement appropriate interventions to bridge the gaps in development of these communities/ groups vis-à-vis others.
The narrative of this White Paper is set in context of bifurcation of State of Andhra Pradesh by instrumentality of the Andhra Pradesh Organization Act, 2014 & documents challenges & issues faced at time of bifurcation, policies adopted & schemes implemented to overcome the challenges, the significant achievements made, and the way forward.
(2) SOCIAL EMPOWERMENT & WELFARE
Social empowerment is understood as the process of developing a sense of autonomy and self-confidence, & acting individually and collectively to change social relationships & the institutions and discourses that exclude the disadvantaged & the marginalised sections in the society and keep them perpetually in poverty & in a state of disempowerment.
The empowerment of the disadvantaged & the marginalised, and their ability to hold others to account, is strongly influenced by their individual assets (such as land, housing, livestock, savings) & capabilities of all types: human (such as good health and education), social (such as social belonging, a sense of identity, leadership relations) & psychological (self-esteem, self-confidence, the ability to imagine & aspire to a better future). Also important are people’s collective assets and capabilities, such as voice, organisation, representation and identity. All of these, contribute to their overall well-being & welfare.
The vulnerable groups, such as the very poor, women & marginalised communities lack the skills & confidence to engage in community decision-making. Therefore, support mechanisms designed to specifically target marginalised groups in order to ensure that they can participate are necessary. Participation in local associations can empower poor people to engage in public politics and collective action process and contributes to social empowerment by improving skills, knowledge & self-perception. Local associations also act as Self-Help mechanisms through which poor people organise their economic activities, such as farming cooperatives, or microfinance groups.
(3) SOCIAL EMPOWERMENT & WELFARE IN ANDHRA PRADESH
The State of Andhra Pradesh has a long & cherished history of being an acknowledged pioneer in the sphere of Social Empowerment & Welfare.
Historically, in the State, we recognise the gaps in development and a degree of exclusion from growth among specific social and economic groupings i.e. the Scheduled Castes, due to social marginalisation and lack of access to land & other resources; the Scheduled Tribes, due to the remoteness of their habitations & isolation; the Backward Classes, due to decline in patronage for their traditional & skill based occupations; the Minorities, due to socio-economic-educational underdevelopment; the Women, due to the historical asymmetry in gender relations, the Differently Abled, due to social discrimination, the Kapus, due to their relative deprivation; the poor among Brahmins & the EBCs, due to the overall constriction of opportunities
The State has proactively taken steps to address the gaps in development of these groups by placing special focus on their welfare & empowerment. In fact, Andhra Pradesh is one of the few states in the country to have exclusive & separate Departments for the empowerment & welfare of the Scheduled Castes, the Scheduled Tribes, the Backward Classes, the Minorities and Women, reflecting the emphasis & commitment of the Government for their empowerment and welfare.
Inter-alia, Andhra Pradesh was the 1st State to establish in the year 1984 , an exclusive Residential School Society for ensuring educational attainment by Scheduled Castes children, to establish in the year 1986-the institution of the Integrated Tribal Development Agency for holistic development of Scheduled Tribes, to implement in the year 1998 - the Munduadugu Scheme for economic development of Scheduled Castes, the Aadarna Scheme for providing tool kits to the B.C. occupational castes & the Cheyuta Scheme for welfare of the Differently Abled & to implement in the year 1999 – the Roshni scheme for providing micro-loans to the Minorities.
The State, in the year 1998, by implementing the Velugu framework for organising & federating the Self Help Groups (SHGs) , established a new paradigm in the country for the social and economic empowerment of women.
Further, Andhra Pradesh by enacting the Scheduled Castes Sub Plan and the Scheduled Tribes (Planning, Allocation and Utilisation of Financial Resources) Act, 2013, is the 1st State in the country to provide a legal framework for the Sub-Plans, meant for the welfare & development of the Scheduled Castes & the Scheduled Tribes.
After the Reorganisation of the State , the State has articulated it’s vision for the future in the Vision 2029 document & a key objective of the Vision strategy is to achieve “inclusive, equity based citizen focused development and growth of Swarna Andhra by 2029”, thus squarely reemphasizing the focus on an overarching framework of more inclusive & sustainable policy interventions for social empowerment & welfare of the poor marginalised and the disadvantaged.
(4) THE CONTEXT: ISSUES & CHALLENGES ARISING DUE TO THE REORGANISTION.
At the time of the bifurcation of the State, the Departments were confronted with the following challenges:
4.1. SC/ST/BC/MINORITIES/DIFFERENTLY ABLED WELFARE DEPARTMENTS
4.1.1 Silo Approach: Despite having common schemes, due to adoption of a silo approach by Welfare Departments, the implementation of the schemes was haphazard & inefficient & there was no convergence.
4.1.2 Delays in Implementation: Due to non/partial computerisation, delay in release of funds, lack of tracking, etc., there were delays in implementation of the schemes.
4.1.3 Pendency of arrears in Key schemes: In Post-Matric Scholarships, at time of bifurcation, Maintenance Fee of Rs 348.81 crores was due to the students & Reimbursement of Tuition Fee of Rs 1320.22 crores was due to the institutions. Similar was the case in respect of several other schemes.
4.1.4 Non-Revision of Scale of Payments: In several scheme e.g. Post-Matric Scholarships, Diet Charges, etc. the scale of payment was not revised for a long time.
4.1.5 Fragmented Deployment of I.T.: Deployment of technology, wherever made, was not end to end & thus ineffective, leading to poor outcomes.
4.1.6 Sub Plan Implementation: The Rules under the SCSP/TSP Act, 2013 were not issued and there was no tracking system for funds utilisation.
4.1.7 Outcome Measurement: Due to non-identification of KPIs, there was lack of focus and accountability in the implementation of the schemes.
4.1.8 Lack of Safety Nets for the vulnerable : No schemes for financial assistance to the most vulnerable groups such as Cobblers, Dappu Artists, PVTGs, were designed.
4.1.9 SC/ST Backlog Posts: The SC & ST backlog posts in the Districts were not notified & filled up by the District Collectors for a considerable period of time.
188.8.131.52 Bank Linked Schemes: Quantum of subsidy provided to Welfare Corporations / Federations for livelihood schemes was stagnant and not enhanced for long.
184.108.40.206 Loans from Apex Corporations: The State was not accessing low-cost funds for SC/ST/BC, even though entitled for the same.
220.127.116.11 Lack of New schemes: The schemes being implemented were traditional schemes with no link with the market requirements and providing low levels of income.
18.104.22.168 Land Purchase Scheme: The rate provided under the Land Purchase Scheme was very low making the implementation impractical.
22.214.171.124 Livelihoods for Kapu, EBC, MBC, etc.: The need for providing sustainable livelihoods for Kapus, EBCs, MBCs was not recognised.
4.2 HOUSING DEPARTMENT
4.2.1 Insufficient Unit cost: Due to insufficient unit cost, though houses were sanctioned, most beneficiaries could not complete the construction.
4.2.2 Payments through 3rd party agencies: Payments were released through Village Organization (V.O.), without proper monitoring mechanism leading to misappropriation.
4.2.3 Lack of deployment of technology: Lack of proper mechanism in place to track the physical progress resulting in over stage payments & wrong payments.
4.2.5 More Loan component in the unit cost: Small amount of subsidy in the overall unit cost increased the loan burden on the beneficiaries.
4.3 SERP & MEPMA
4.3.1. In addition to lack of adequate safety nets, pension amount given prior to bifurcation was not merely insignificant, but remained unchanged at Rs. 200/- per month for a full decade (2004 to 2014), despite continuous inflation.
4.3.2. Lack of adequate focus on income generation activities & inadequate financial support to SHGs led to low level of economic activity and growth.
(5) STRATEGY ADOPTED TO OVERCOME THE CHALLENGES.
The strategy adopted to overcome the challenges posed by the bifurcation & to achieve the outcomes mentioned in the Vision 2029 document is detailed, as hereunder:
5.1. SC/ST/BC/MINORITIES/DIFFERENTLY ABLED WELFARE DEPARTMENTS
5.1.1 Common Platform
A coordinated approach was adopted in implementation of schemes of the Welfare Departments. Mapping of all citizen services was taken up, common services identified & after extensive business process re-engineering the cost, processes & delivery timelines were standardized, & mechanism of Committee of Welfare Secretaries was established for expediting decision making.
The identified common services were migrated to integrated IT platforms viz.
(a) JNANABHUMI for all Scholarships, Education related schemes, Hostels & Residential Schools & (b) Pedarikam Pai Gelupu (PGP) all Welfare Finance Corporations schemes.
The data from the electronic platforms, was placed in public domain, linked to CORE Dashboard, engendering awareness & transparency in implementation of the schemes,
This has resulted in near elimination of leakages, easier access & compression of time for service delivery and significantly improved physical & financial outcomes.
Jnanabhumi, the smart portal for Education & Scholarships, is providing timely, seamless, paperless & hassle-free delivery of Scholarships to (20) lakh students, studying in (8,000) educational institutions & services for administration of Hostels & Residential Schools.
Jnanabhumi has eliminated leakages & is providing Monthly Maintenance Fee delivery to students belonging to poor & disadvantaged sections & Quarterly Reimbursement of Tuition Fee (RTF) to the educational institutions.
Jnanabhumi has secured the (a) Skoch e-Governance Award-2017 & (b) CSI-Nihilient-2018 “Award of Appreciation” in e-Governance.
5.1.3 Pedarikam Pai Gelupu
PGP (Pedarikam Pai Gelupu), is developed as a common IT platform for (10) Welfare Finance Corporations, (11) Federations & (6,500) Bank Branches, servicing (7) lakh applicants & (2) lakh beneficiaries with annual outlay of Rs 2,800 crores.
Due to the last-mile visibility in the implementation of Economic Assistance Schemes, the cycle-time is reduced & physical and financial outcomes are improved.
PGP has secured prestigious CSI-Nihilient 2017 - Award for Excellence in e-Governance.
5.1.4 Strengthening of Sub-Plan Implementation
The Rules under SCSP/TSP Act, 2013 were issued on 28-4-2015. Meetings of Nodal Agency were held regularly, leading to closer monitoring, & better outcomes.
An On-line portal was developed for real-time monitoring of schemes under SCSP & TSP as also a Work Monitoring System (WMS) for tracking the progress of Civil Works, leading to better tracking & visibility, improving the timely completion of the works.
5.1.5 Timely implementation & near Zero Arrears of payment in Key schemes:
Due to deployment of on-line IT platforms, all welfare schemes are implemented in time & due to better fiscal management the payments are also made in a timely manner.
5.1.6 Revision of Scale/Rate of Payments
Schedule of rates of RTF & MTF(Post-Matric Scholarships) rationalised & revised.
Scientific, nutritious & common Menu designed in consultation with experts of NIN, Hyderabad for Hostels & Residential Schools is implemented with enhanced Diet Charges.
Amount payable under Overseas Scholarships for SC/ST/Minorities have been enhanced.
Rates under Land Purchase schemes of the SC Corporation and TRICOR increased.
Free Power Scheme eligibility increased from 50 to 100 units per month.
5.1.7 Residential Schools
Residential School system strengthened by sanction of new schools, strengthening of infrastructure, improvement in academic delivery, stress on co-curricular & extra-curricular activities, especially exposure to adventure sports for building self-confidence.
Under guidance of Hon’ble Chief Minister, MGNREGS fund dovetailed with Tribal Welfare funds for WBM roads with an outlay of Rs 800 crores, B.T. Roads with outlay of Rs 596 crores, Compound Walls with outlay of Rs 77 crores and livelihoods related activities viz. development of Coffee and Shade plantations being taken up in the tribal areas.
Governance systems improved by implementation of Biometric Attendance, e-Office, Video & Audio Conference. CFMS has brought last-mile visibility in financial accounting. The citizen grievance redressal improved by Mee-Kosam.
Key Performance Indicators (KPI) & Real-Time Outcome Monitoring (ROMS) matrix has brought about objective and outcomes-based measurement of the performance. Kutumba Vikasam (KV) & Samaj Vikasam (SV) has created a Sustainable Development Goals (SDG)-led framework for social empowerment and welfare.
SC/ST backlog posts in the districts are filled, except where there are legal impediments.
A conscious decision has also been taken and implemented for posting young IAS officer as the Project Officers in the ITDA for ensuring better governance.
5.1.10 Safety Nets
Safety nets for vulnerable sections created by implementing new schemes such as Chandranna Bima (Insurance), Chandranna Pelli Kaanuka (Girl Child Marriage), Pensions for Dappu Artists, Pensions and Toolkits for Cobblers,etc.
Welfare Finance Corporations/Federations strengthened by (a) increasing subsidy allocations (b) revival of NSFDC/NSKFDC/NSTFDC/ NBFDC loan access (c) creation of new Corporations viz. Kapu, EBC, MBC, Brahmin & Vysya (c) market linked schemes e.g. Innova cars, Trucks to tap the boom in Hospitality & Travel (d) increase in unit cost for land purchase (e) skill development trainings in convergence with Andhra Pradesh Skill Development Corporation, especially in high-end technical skills in the SIEMENS Centers.
5.2 HOUSING DEPARTMENT:
Detailed study was taken on the existing system of sanctions, construction and payments etc. & after identifying loopholes revamped system in the name of NTR-Housing program is being implemented with following features.
5.2.1. Increased Unit Cost: Unit cost was enhanced to commensurate with actual cost:
NTR Rural Housing (SC/STs)- Enhanced from1.00 lakh to 2.00 lakhs
NTR Rural Housing (Others) -Enhanced from Rs 0.70lakhs to 1.50 lakhs
PMAY-NTR(Gramin) - Enhanced from Rs. 0.70 lakhs to 2.00 lakhs
PMAY-NTR(Urban) -ULBs. - Enhanced from Rs.0.80 Lakhs to 3.50 lakhs,
PMAY-NTR(Urban) -UDAs: Enhanced from Rs.0.80 Lakhs to 2.50 lakhs
5.2.2. Reduction in Loan component: Since the houses are meant for BPL families, the loan component was decreased, to reduce burden on the beneficiary.
5.2.3. Additional Financial assistance to vulnerable categories: -Duly considering economic condition of SCs/STs, additional support of Rs.50,000 /- for SCs and Rs.50,000 to Rs. 1.00 Lakh is provided for each ST beneficiary.
5.2.4. Selection of Genuine Beneficiaries: Through dynamic validation of individuals credentials i.e. Ration card, Aadhar numbered. before the sanction of house.
5.2.5. Use of Technology for ensuring transparency: Geo-Tagging & payments through Aadhar Payment Bridge System to ensure that payments go to genuine beneficiaries.
5.2.6. Flexibility in construction of houses: Relaxation given to construct up to plinth area of 750 Sq.ft. and also with Joint Walls in rural areas.
Building plan approval & Land document registration fee exempted under PMAY-NTR (Urban)-BLC for speedy completion of houses.
Cement is being supplied less than the market price @ Rs.230/- per bag for the last 2 years in spite of market fluctuations to reduce addl. burden on the beneficiaries.
7.Infrastructure in layout colonies: Priority to provide infrastructure facilities in NTR Housing layout colonies and an amount of Rs.300 crores is provided.
(6) OUTCOMES ACHIEVED
The outcomes, which have resulted, as a result of the strategy adopted and the concerted efforts made, is mentioned Department-wise, as hereunder:
6.1.1. SIGNIFICANT ACHIEVEMENTS
126.96.36.199. Sub Plan Budget
Across the 3 departments covered in the sub plan, the budget allocation increased from Rs. 12,716 Crore in 2014-15 to Rs. 25,904 in 2018-19. Similarly, expenditure (as on date) increased from Rs.11,120 Crore to Rs.14,567 Crore for the said periods. Year wise Sub Plan budget and expenditure figures along with those pertaining to the departmental budgets of the Social Welfare, Tribal Welfare, BC Welfare, Minorities Welfare and the Differently Abled Welfare have been given in the Annexure.
188.8.131.52. Post Matric Scholarships
An amount of Rs. 12,833 Crore have been disbursed to an average of 16 lakh unique students per year, in the period 2014-15 to 2018-19. The details are given at Annexure 2.
184.108.40.206 Enhancement Of Scholarship (MTF) Rates.
The Government has enhanced the Scholarship (MTF) rates to all categories (SC/ST/BC/EBC/KAPU/MW/DW) under Post Matric Scholarships scheme, as follows:
Upto 33.33 % increase for Department Attached Hostels
Upto 130.7% increase, for College Attached Hostels
Upto 150% increase, for day scholars
The details are given at Annexure 3. It is noteworthy that:
MTF is being provided for the 1st time to EBC & Kapu Students.
Kapu MTF made on par with that for BC students.
Differently-abled students’ MTF brought on par with that for SC/ST students
220.127.116.11 Enhancement Of Diet Charges For The Boarders Of Hostels And Residential Schools:
Similarly, the Diet Charges have also been increased upto Rs.1,400/- per month. Category wise details are at Annexure 3. Further,
A common nutritious menu is being implemented for the boarders.
Eggs are provided five days in a week, Chicken is provided (3) times/week in Pre-Matric Hostels & (2) times/week in College Hostels & Residential schools.
Daily 200 ml Milk, Ragi Malt and Chikki newly introduced.
18.104.22.168 Enhancement Of Cosmetic Charges, Hair Cut Charges & Stitching Charges For Boarders Of Hostels/Residential Schools:
The per Boarder & per Month Cosmetic charges have also been significantly increased w.e.f. 1st July, 2018. , up to 150%. The details are at Annexure 3. Also, cosmetic charges are being introduced for the first time in college (post matric) hostels.
Extending Coverage and Enhancement Of Grant To Students Under Overseas Scholarship
Until 2013-14, the Overseas Education Scheme covered only the SCs & STs. This government has extended the coverage to include BCs, Minorities, EBCs & Kapus.
Ambedkar Overseas Education Scheme: The Scholarship grant for SC/ST/Minority Students, pursuing higher education abroad, is enhanced to Rs.15.00 Lakhs from Rs.10.00 Lakhs under Ambedkar Over Seas Education Scheme.
NTR Videshi Vidyadarana: Financial assistance at the rate of Rs. 10.00 Lakh per BC student(s) for pursuing higher studies in Post Graduate Courses in Foreign Universities.
From 2013-14 onwards, a total expenditure of Rs. 377.7 Crore has been incurred under this scheme and 4,528 students belonging to SC, ST, Minorities, BC and Kapu communities have benefitted under this scheme
22.214.171.124. New Scheme of NTR Unnatha Vidyadarana:
A scheme to provide professional guidance to students appearing for competitive examinations i.e., UPSC civil services examination through reputed private institutions. An amount of Rs.1.30 Lakh per student will be paid as institutional fee and an amount of Rs. 10,000/- per month will be paid to the student as a stipend for a period of nine months. Under this scheme:
2,313 SC beneficiaries with an expenditure of Rs. 53.07 Crore
947 ST beneficiaries, at a expenditure of Rs.10.37 Crore
592 Minority beneficiaries, at an expenditure of Rs. 5.96 Crore
2,816 BC beneficiaries, at a expenditure of Rs. 32.70 Crore
1,443 EBC beneficiaries at an expenditure of Rs. 12.18 Crore
1,413 Kapu benefciairies, at an expenditure of Rs. 28.26 Crore
126.96.36.199. Students Achievements:
(5) Students during 2017 & (3) in 2018 successfully scaled Mount Everest during 2017 and 5 students in 2018.
(15) students scaled Mt.Kilimanjaro.
(82) students qualified in IIT-JEE Mains & (150) in NEET
(3) Guinness Records achieved by students.
(8) students visited NASA
(1) student won a Gold medal in International Karate Championship
Admission in IIT & NIT: In 2017, (7) & in 2018, (9) admissions in MBBS in 2017, (5) & in 2018, (12) students got admission.
Mission Everest:(4) students in the year 2017 & (2) students in 2018 scaled Mount Everest.
Admissions in IIT & NIT: In 2017, (22) & in 2018 ,(33) students got Admitted to NIT-IIT.
One student(K.Venkatarao) won Bronze Medal in National Wrestling Championship at Delhi.
Two students (1. Sai Srinivas, & 2. Daniel of 9th Class) from won Silver Medals in National Level Athletics Championship at Guntur.
One student (A.Ankippa, 9th Class) won Gold Medal in National Level Volley Ball competition at Madhya Pradesh.
New Scheme Of Chandranna Pelli Kaanuka
To provide Marriage incentive on a near-real time basis to eligible brides belonging to SC, ST, BC, Minorities, Differently-abled & APBOCWWB members & issue of Marriage Certificate to eligible married couple. So far, marriage incentive is issued for 35,987 applicants with expenditure of Rs.139.25 crores. The details of category wise applicable incentive is as follows:
188.8.131.52.New Scheme Of Pensions To Dappu Artists:
To provide Financial Assistance of Rs 1,500 per month to Dappu Artisans, this scheme is introduced during 2018-19 with budget outlay of Rs. 12.00 crores. So far, 34,137 applications registered online, verification completed for 33,500 applications and sanctions are under process.
Pensions & Toolkits To Traditional Cobblers:
To provide pension of Rs 1,000 per month to the Traditional Cobblers, Rs 10,000 for Tool kits and Rs 20,000 for working capital, this scheme is introduced during the year 2018-19 with the budget outlay of Rs. 60.00 crores. So far, 29,652 applications registered online, verification is completed for 20,554 applications and sanctions are under process.
Rural Road Connectivity Using SC Sub Plan Funds:
During last (4) years, 745 Kms CC roads with an amount of Rs.259.39 Crores & 1225 Kms BT roads with an amount of Rs. 589.00 Crs constructed by the Social Welfare Department.
Rural Road Connectivity in Tribal Areas
During last (4) years, under NREGS, WBM Roads of a length of 2230.24 Kms with an amount of Rs.711.97 Crs, are taken up and nearing completion.
(398) roads are taken up for BT up gradation with a length of 1277.75 Km with & an amount of Rs. 594.44Crores.
(248) unconnected habitations of 250+ population with a length of 581.80 Kms with an estimated cost of Rs.408.13Crores are sanctioned.
RIDF (NABARD GRANT) : (43) BT road works with a length of 155.70 Kms with an amount of Rs.95.07 Cr., are sanctioned.
RCP LWE PROJECT: (28) BT Road works with length of 477.24 Kms, at an estimated cost of Rs. 524.70 Crores taken up by R & B Dept.
(91) road works with a length of 759.00 Kms. with an estimated cost of Rs. 603.98 Crores taken up by PR Dept.
Further, (266) Roads for new & up gradation to BT for a length of 1808.67 Kms. with an estimated cost of 1286.96 Cr. was proposed for sanction to MHA, GoI.
RECONSTRUCTION/UPGRADATION OF R & B ROADS UNDER STC: (48) R & B roads in Tribal Areas with an estimated cost of Rs.229.09 Crs are approved under STC of R & B Dept.
Rural Water Supply:
During last 4 years (2014-15 to 2017-18), 930 SC habitation provided with drinking water facility with an amount of Rs.336.72 Crores
Infrastructure Facilities in Municipalities
7636 works were taken up in 110 ULBs (SC Localities) with an amount of Rs.953.00 Crores. 20 New residential school buildings were taken up with an estimated cost of Rs 281.95 Crores. Augmentation works were taken up in 138 residential schools with an estimated cost of Rs.522.00 Crores.
New born baby kits were provided with Rs 10.00 Crores. Assistance from SCSP for free drug / medicines with Rs.110.00 Crores in 2 years.
184 Mobile Towers taken up to create communication facilities to the Tribal Gram Panchayats of which 52 Towers completed
623 works taken up with an estimated cost of Rs.354.14 Crs of which 324 works completed with an outlay of Rs.78.44 Crores, Balance works are in progress.
In last 4 years 1836 drinking works are completed with an estimated cost of Rs.166.27 Crores, benefitting 1836 Habitations.
During this year 1084 works were taken up with an estimated cost of Rs.160.57 Crores benefitting 9450 Habitations of which 407 works were completed and 652 works in progress.
Further, Nodal agency has approved to extending the adequate safe drinking water to the 2364 Habitations with an estimated cost of Rs.398.50 Crs.
An amount of Rs. 126.00 crores is sanctioned for creating Sports facilities in Tribal Welfare Educational Institutions.
Sanction of 76 New Residential Schools.
Government have sanctioned 76 New BC Residential Schools during the last 4 years. 6 Residential Schools have been started exclusively for the Fishermen Community. 2 Independent Residential Junior Colleges and 12 upgraded Junior Colleges have been started during the last 4 years to provide educational security to the BC Students.
BC Bhavans & Community halls:
For social and cultural integration of BC’s. The Govt. is sanctioning BC Bhavans in the districts @Rs.5.00 Cr. budget and for community halls @Rs.50.00 Lakhs at divisional level, Rs.25.00 Lakhs at mandal level and Rs.10.00 Lakhs at GP level. 549 BC Bhavans and Community halls are sanctioned with an outlay of Rs. 134.54 Crores.
Setting Up Kapu Bhawans:-
308 Kapu Bhavans sanctioned with an amount of Rs.122.50 Crores.
Construction Of Haj House At Kadapa And Vijayawada.
AP State Haj House is under construction at Vijayawada with an allocation of Rs. 23.00 Crores. Also, the AP State HAj House is under construction at Kadapa with an allocation of Rs. 13.00 Crores.
Enhancement Of Financial Assistance For Repairs Of Churches
Government Orders issued for enhancing the financial assistance for construction/ repair/ renovation of Churches to Rs.5,00,000/- (Rupees Five Lakhs Only). 817 works with Rs. 52.34 Crores have been undertaken.
Establishment of two homes for the blind persons at Ananthapuramu and Kakinada for the 2016-17 for 130 beneficiaries each.
Establishment of Home for Orthopedic At Guntur To Cover 100 Beneficiaries.
New Braille Press Established at Guntur: Manufacturing and supply of Braille note books and text books with the rate of Rs. 1.29 Crores was released by Govt of India.
Retro Fitted Petrol Scooters: Through this scheme 1224 Beneficiaries are benefitted with outlay of Rs. 5.30 Crores per unit amount at the rate of Rs.80,000 each .
Houses are being sanctioned in G+1 pattern in Rural areas also wherever land is scarce. As a pilot project 2,096 houses were sanctioned with project cost of Rs.104.80 crores in Kuppam of Chittoor & Kurumaddali of Krishna District. In addition to the above budget provisions, The Govt has given permission to mobilize the loans to a tune of Rs. 11,300 Crs from financial institutions.
Government have sanctioned 15.17 Lakh houses with a Project cost of Rs.29,837 Crores.(NTR Rural Housing-10.09 Lakhs, PMAY-NTR Gramin-1.21 Lakhs PMAY-NTR Urban-BLC-3.87 Lakhs),
In addition, 4.40 Lakhs pending houses under Pre-NTR housing schemes have also been taken up for completion with project cost of Rs.2839 Crores.
NTR Nuthana Gruha Pravesa Mahothsavalu :1.00 lakh completed houses were inaugurated in a single day on 02.10.2017 in 11,831 GPs / Municipal Wards.
Another 3 lakh completed houses in 12,767 Gram Panchayats and 2,093 Municipal Wards covering 664 Mandals, 110 Municipalities and Nagara Panchayats were inaugurated on 05.07.2018.
Additional Grant for Housing:
Rs. 48.83 crores provided for PvTGs @ Rs.1, 00,000/- per house
Rs. 226.98 crores provided for Yanadis/ STs @ Rs.75,000/- per House in Scheduled / TSP Mandals.
Rs. 108.04 Crs. Provided for STs @ Rs.50, 000/- per house in Non-Scheduled Mandals.
SCs: (SC Corporation):
`Revival of NSRFDC & NSKFDC schemes from 2015-16 assisting 7742 beneficiaries with outlay of Rs.320.12 Crores.
440 Innova vehicles with an out lay of Rs. 72.66 Crores under Transport sector for the SC-Unemployed youth to generate income of Rs. 20,000 Per month.
273 Passenger vehicles with an out lay of Rs 24.90 Crores to generate income of Rs. 10,000 per month.
9 Transport trucks with an outlay Rs.2.68 Crores.
7500 Power Autos with an out lay of Rs 184.50 Crores in convergence with PR dept., with service charge of Rs. 10,000 per month.
Assistance to SC Entrepreneurs through Project appraisal upto 50 Lakhs for higher monthly income.
1606 Beneficiaries were provided 2386 Acres of Agriculture Land by incurring expenditure of Rs. 127 Cr under Land purchase scheme for SC landless women Agril. Laborers enhancing upto 15 Lakhs.
110 Tractor and Trailers with an out lay of Rs. 8.47 Crores for Safai Karmacharis for solid waste management in Grama Panchayat.
Supply of Tool kits to 6000 traditional Cobblers with an out lay of Rs. 1.80 Crores for livelihood enhancement.
Access to loans from NSTFDC restored from 2015-16 with an amount of Rs.40.00 Crs. benefitting 800 beneficiaries.
Unit cost for Land Purchase increased from Rs 5.00 lakhs to Rs 15.00 lakhs per acre. 102 acrs purchased for the benefit of 53 beneficiaries with an amount of Rs.2.03 Cr.
A Special Project has been taken up for increasing area under Coffee from1,00,000 acres to 2,00,000 acres with an outlay of Rs.526.00 Crores for a period of 10 years, so far an amount of Rs.287.00 Crs is incurred.
Under Animal Husbandry dairy activities for Livelihood promotion is taken up at an estimated cost of Rs. 242.77 crores
Backyard Poultry for Livelihoods promotion is taken up at an estimated cost of Rs. 31.34 crores.
Promotion of Organic Coffee taken up by establishing FPO at Chinthapalli with an estimated cost of Rs.15.00 Crs.
Under Skill Development, in convergence with A.P.State Skill Development Corporation 20,000 ST unemployed youth benefitted and 4,000 youth placed in different private sector.
(15) Month apprentice program for engineering graduates has taken up in coordination with NAC, Hyderabad under “Learn & Earn Program” so far 195 were benefitted.
BCW Department – Significant Achievements
The Budget of the B.C welfare Department has increased by Rs.3548.07 Crores (133.13%) between 2014 – 2015 to 2018 – 2019.
The Government has enhanced the B.C Sub Plan Budget by 5360.50 Crores (80.72%) between the years 2014 -2015 to 2018 -2019.
The Government has enhanced the Scholarship (M.T.F) to B.Cs, E.B.Cs and Kapu students under Post Metric Scholarship scheme from Rs.1050/- to 1400/- per student. For college attached Hostels also it is enhanced from Rs.460/- to Rs.1400/- for Group-I category.
The Government provided M.T.F to all the eligible students from Kapu and E.B.C categories also under Post Metric Scholarships.
The Diet charges were enhanced for the Boarders of Hostels and Residential Schools substantially in the year 2018 -2019.
Cosmetic Charges for the Boarders of the Hostel and Residential schools is also enhanced from Rs.50/- for Boys to Rs. 125/- and Rs.75/- for Girls to Rs.160/- for the students studying 8th class and above.
76 New Residentials are sanctioned by Government during the last 4 years.
6 Residential Schools are exclusively started for Fisherman community.
14 Residential Junior Colleges were sanctioned exclusively for the B.C students.
Kapu Corporation was established in the year 2015.
Most Backward Classes Corporation was established in the year 2017-18.
Economically Backward Classes Corporation was established in the year 2018-2019.
Vysya Corporation is also established in the year 2018-2019.
Subsidy was enhanced to Rs.1.00 lakh per Unit for each beneficiary in all the Corporations and federations of B.C Welfare Department from the year 2016.
Adarana –II, A Flagship programme of the Government was launched in the year 2018 for improving livelihood opportunities to artisans by providing Tools and Gadgets by allocating a budget of Rs.964.00 Crores for improving skills and income levels for enhanced livelihoods. 90% subsidy is provided to the beneficiaries with10% contribution targeting 4,02,500 beneficiaries under Adarana programme.
Under N.T.R Videsi Vidyadarana programme, a financial assistance of Rs.10.00 lakhs per student is provided for pursuing higher studies in P.G Courses in various foreign universities.
Under N.T.R Unnatha Vidyadarana programme professional guidance was provided to B.C students appearing for competitive examinations through reputed private institutions for appearing for U.P.P.S.C Civil services examinations. An amount of Rs.1.3 lakhs per student will be paid as institutional fee and an amount of Rs. 10,000/- per month per student will be paid as stipend for a period of 9 months.
Post Matric Scholarships were provided to 36,66,161 B.C students during the last 4 ½ years.
Post Matric Scholarships were provided to 3,16,050 Kapu students.
For social & cultural integration of BCs and Kapus the Government has sanctioned B.C Bhavans and B.C community halls and for Kapus, Kapu Bhavans and Kapu community Halls worth Rs 257.49 Crores.
Aadarana – 2018
Flagship programme of the Government Wherein Artisans are provided with Modern Tools with a budget of Rs.964.00 crores to improve their skills and income levels for enhanced livelihoods.
Under the scheme the Government has sanctioned 90 % subsidy with beneficiary contribution 10% covering 402500 beneficiaries.
Kapu Welfare And Development Corporation:
Extending of Financial assistance for economic/educational support schemes to Kapu/Telaga/Balija/Ontari communities belonging to BPL families, Kapu Corporation was established in 2015-16.
MBC Welfare and Development Corporation:
Extending of Financial assistance for economic support schemes to 32 communities mentioned under Group-A in the state list of BC’s without bank linkage.
EBC Welfare and Development Corporation :
Extending of Financial assistance for economic/educational support schemes to BPL families belonging to EBC categories.
Arya Vysya Welfare and Development Co-operative Corp.:
Extending of Financial assistance for economic/educational support schemes to BPL families belonging to Arya Vysya community people
NHFDC, New Delhi has released Rs. 7.00 Crores, towards Loans to the unemployed disabled persons to establish Self-employment units which covered 700 beneficiaries.
Minorities - Multi-Sectoral Development Programme (Msdp)/ Pmjvk (Pradhana Mantri Janavikas Karyakram):
The Multi-Sectoral Development Program aims at improving the Socio- economic conditions of Minorities and providing basic amenities to them for improving the quality of life of the people and reducing imbalances in the identified Minorities’ Concentration Areas, where minorities population is more than 25% in that area.
Under MSDP Scheme the projects worth 279.07 Crores are approved.
AP Noor Basha/Dudekula Muslim Co Operative Societies Federation Ltd.,
AP Noor basha/Dudekula Muslim Co Operative Societies Federation Limited has been established in 2018. Budget allocated Rs. 40.00 Crores.
Economic Support Scheme For Minorities Through APSMFC
44,133 beneficiaries were benefited with Rs. 240.60 Crores.
Economic Support Scheme For Minorities Through APSCMFC
3545 beneficiaries were benefited with an expenditure of Rs. 24.19 Crores.
Economic Development (Corporations & Federations)
A total of 3,75,231 beneficiaries have been given financial assistance worth Rs. 1973 Crore under Economic Development programmes undertaken by various Corporations and Federations. The details are at Annexure 5.
NEW SCHEME OF FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE TO IMAMS AND MOUZANS
The Government of Andhra Pradesh introduced Scheme of Incentive of Rs. 5,000/- per month to Imams and Rs. 3,000/- per month to Mouzans of income-less Masjids. Total 30,204 beneficiaries were paid Rs.90.11 Crores.
NEW SCHEME CHANDRANNA RAMZAN THOFA :
Four commodities (Sugar 2Kg, Wheat Atta 5Kg, Vermicelli (Semiya) 1 Kg and Ghee 100ml) were distributed to eligible families as Ramzan Thofa, free of cost. An average of 11.25 lakh families benefitted annually from this scheme from 2014-15 onwards. Rs. 136.71 Crore has been the expenditure under the scheme from 2014-15 to 2018-19.
CHANDRANNA CHRISTIMAS/SANKRANTI KANUKA:
Six commodities (Redgram Dal ½ Kg, P.Oil ½ Ltr., Chana Dal ½ Kg, Jaggery ½ Kg, Wheat Atta 1 Kg and Ghee 100 ml) were distributed under Chandranna Kanuka at free of cost.
1.25 Crore families have benefitted annually, on an average from 2014-15. Rs. 1,635 Crore has been the expenditure under the scheme from 2014-15 to 2018-19.
FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE TO VISIT TO JERUSALEM ENHANCED.
Financial Assistance to Pilgrimage to Holy Land of Jerusalem has been increased to Rs.40000/- for the pilgrims whose annual income is below Rs.3.00 Lakhs and for other pilgrims whose annual income is above Rs.3.00 Lakhs and the subsidy shall be Rs.20000/-. 1668 pilgrims were benefited with Rs. 6.09 Crores.
In order to enable the SHG Members to undertake higher order livelihood activities, the Government have introduced the scheme “Pasupu Kumkuma”, to provide a one-time-financial assistance of Rs.10,000/- per SHG member. With an expenditure of Rs. 8,604 Crores, this scheme has benefitted 86,04,304 SHG members.
Chandranna Bima programme has been launched on October 2, 2016 to provide social security cover for 2.5 crore unorganized sector workers.
With convergence of existing insurance schemes AABY, PMSBY, State accident death and disability scheme, the benefits are consolidated and offered under the programme.
SERP is the implementing agency for the scheme.
So far, Rs. 2,381 Crores have been disbursed, covering 1,93,819 beneficiaries.
Further, scholarships worth Rs. 188.54 crore (at the rate of Rs.1,200/- per student) have been disbursed to 15,71,135 students
NTR BHAROSA PENSIONS:
Pension amount enhanced from Rs.200/- to Rs.1000/- per month to Old Age, Widow, Weavers, Toddy Tappers and AIDS patients and
From Rs.500/- to Rs.1000/- per month to People With Disabilities (PWD) having 40% to 79% degree of disability and
Rs.1500/- per month for PWDs having 80% and above degree of disability w.e.f September, 2014.
In 2018-19, the following new categories have been brought under the fold of NTR Bharosa:
(50.51) lakh beneficiaries covered with an expenditure of Rs.556.41 Crores. From 2014-15 to 2018-19, an amount of Rs. 24,618.39 crores have been disbursed successfully.
STREENIDHI – LIVELIHOOD LOANS TO SHG WOMEN (RURAL & URBAN)
Between the financial years 2014-15 to 2018-19, the number of beneficiaries cumulatively have increased by about 200%, from 5.69 lakhs to 16.77 lakhs compared to the period up to 2013-14.
Similarly, there has been an increase of 342% in the amount of loans disbursed. They increased from Rs. 975 crore to Rs. 4,313 crores in the said periods.
Vaddi Leni Runalu
There has been a (311) % increase in the extent of loans waived, from Rs. 57.99 Crores for the period 2011-12 to 2013-14, to Rs. 238.99 Crores corresponding to the period 2014-15 to 2018-19.
Beneficiary SHG groups also increased, from 1.7 lakh SHG groups in the period 2011-12 to 2013-14 to 6.89 lakh SHG groups in the period 2014-15 to 2018-19.
An amount of Rs. 34,669 Crores have been released as loans for livelihood purposes during the period 2009-10 to 2013-14, covering (15,72,225) SHGs. In the period 2014-15 to 2018-19, the coverage of the scheme has been increased to Rs. 63,283.57 Crore, covering (20,50,794) SHGs.
Government have waived interest on loans taken by the SHGs. (6,56,747) SHGs have benefitted from this scheme to the tune of Rs. 2,514 Crore.
For the ‘Poorest of the Poor’ strategy livelihood/assets were provided to 2,56,553 households covering (3,09,061) beneficiaries, incurring an expenditure of Rs.1,035.96 Crores.
NEW SCHEME OF CHANDRANNA PELLI KANUKA
SERP and MEPMA are the implementing agencies under Chandranna Pelli Kaanuka. So far, marriage incentive of Rs. 139.25 Crores have been disbursed to (35,987) eligible beneficiaries.
NEW SCHEME OF RAKSHA (SANITARY NAPKINS):
A new scheme- Raksha has been introduced to distribute sanitary napkins to 15 lakh SHG women and 10 lakh adolescent girls, with a budget of Rs. 100 Crore.
FARMER PRODUCER ORGANIZATIONS
2,83,524 farmers have been mobilized into 23,959 Farmer Producer Organizations across 22 value chains, with an aim of increasing farm incomes by 50%.
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT (HD)
161 backward Mandals comprising of 3268 Gram Panchayats, have been declared ODF. Streenidhi loans worth Rs.178 crores and HDIF worth Rs.75 crores have been provided for speeding up the process of ISL construction.
GRAVITY FED WATER SYSTEM IN TRIBAL AREAS
205 Gravity Fed Water Systems have been completed in tribal areas, benefitting 75,000 tribals.
HEALTH & NUTRITION INTERVENTIONS
Millets Promotion: Rs.24.88 crores loans from HDIF was provided to the 10,138 Nutri-entrepreneurs
Nutri Gardens: 1,53,781 families of 1,000 day window (pregnancy and early child care) period have set up Nutri-gardens.
Promotion of back yard poultry: 78 Mother units have been grounded in DPMUs (54 units with 3,000 rearing capacity) and TPMUs (24 units, with 1,000 rearing capacity). After 21-day rearing, chicks are sold to poor households to increase nutritional intake
In convergence with NREGS, 1,53,889.69 lakh acres have been brought under the fold of horticultural plantations and 10,162 kilometers have been brought under avenue plantation.
LABOUR, E&T (CHANDRANNA BHEEMA)
Chandranna Bhima is a comprehensive social security scheme for all unorganized workers providing coverage as follows:
Rs.5 lakh in case of accident death/disability,
Rs.3.62 lakh for partial disability and
Rs.2 lakh for natural death besides,
scholarship of Rs.1200/- per child studying in 9th to 12th classes.
Scheme is formulated under the Unorganized Workers Social Security Act, 2008 in order to provide social security to all the unorganized workers.
The Labour Department is the nodal agency and the Society for Elimination of Rural Poverty is the scheme implementing agency.
So far, (2,17,210) claims, worth Rs. 2,445 Crore have been settled. In addition to unorganized workers, ‘Rythu Bhima’ introduced in 2018-19, covering 9 lakh farmers
Scheme Implementation Details
Key achievements under the scheme are as follows:
IMPLEMENTATION OF NFSA ACT, 2013:
Under Public Distribution System, 4 Kilograms of Rice per unit maximum 5 units per card i.e, 20 kgs per card was supplied upto March-2015. Consequent on implementation of National Food Security Act,2013 the distribution of Rice is enhanced to 5kgs per unit without any limit on units (NO CAP) by incurring 10,358 crores of Rupees Subsidy.
Sugar is distributed @ 1 kg (instead of ½ kg) to all AAY cards by incurring subsidy of 14 crores of Rupees per month.
Introduced Red Gram Dal, Ragi, Jowar and Double Fortified Salt under PDS scheme to change the food habits of the BPL families to improve their health standards.
There are 1.46 Crore BPL Ration Cards and 29,785 FP Shops existing in the State In order to facilitate the cardholders. 24 Lakh New Ration Cards issued from June-2014. A ration card holder may draw ration from any Fair Price Shop in the State.
25.82 lakh LPG connections were released from 1999 to March, 2014 in (15) years.
30.61 lakh LPG connections were released during the last (5) years i.e., from 2014-2019, which is more than the 120% of connections released up to 2014( 15 years).
In addition to Deepam connections, 6.24 lakh LPG connections under CSR and 1.91 lakh connections under PMUY were released during the last (5) years.
At present, about 1.53 crores LPG connections are in the State.
On 8th June 2017, Govt. of Andhra Pradesh declared the State as Smoke Free State/ 100% LPG enabled state.
73.054 LPG connections were released under “Tribal LPG package” AWARDS:
The following awards have been won by the various Government programmes:
The Government of Andhra Pradesh believes that development in it’s true sense means equitable development. Growth must necessarily be accompanied by a reduction of inequalities in order to be meaningful. That the fulfillment of our State’s development agenda depends on the well-being of the Scheduled Castes (SCs), Scheduled Tribes (STs), Backward Classes (BCs), Minorities, Differently Abled, Women & other Social groups, who for historical reasons have been excluded from the development agenda. They have an equal right to benefit from the fruits of growth & development.
Further that the key to social empowerment lies primarily in economic empowerment, as economic empowerment allows people to think beyond immediate daily survival, exercise greater control over both their resources and life choices, enables households to make their own decisions around making investments in health and education, etc. & enables taking of risks in order to increase income & strengthens the participation of vulnerable groups in the decision-making.
Believing in the above philosophy & despite the severe strain upon resources due to the bifurcation of the State, the Government has ensured that the flow of funds to the schemes relating to social empowerment and welfare is not only not compromised upon, but is steadily increased and new schemes for providing educational advancement, creating sustained livelihoods for ensuring a minimum of Rs 10,000 per month per family income , wider safety nets & social protection are designed and implemented.
In moving forward, the Government’s thrust will continue to be placed on the holistic development of all sections of the society and in this direction, the Government is committed to being a ‘womb to tomb’ companion of the people.